What is the background to road safety in WA?
The long-term vision of Towards Zero, WA’s Road Safety Strategy 2008 – 2020, is of a road transport system where crashes resulting in death or serious injury are virtually eliminated. Towards Zero aligns with the safe system approach and was endorsed after consultation with the Local Government sector by the Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA) State Council in April 2008. The Towards Zero strategy was subsequently endorsed by the State Government in March 2009, following comprehensive consultation with road safety partners and the community.
The Towards Zero vision is to eliminate death and serious injury within the road network by creating a safe system that accommodates human error and the vulnerability of the human body. This is achievable through a shared responsibility approach involving governments, non-government organisations, the private sector and the community to implement evidence-based measures that address safe road users, safe roads and roadsides, safe speeds, and safe vehicles.
Local Governments are key partners in the shared responsibility of road safety in Western Australia. Local Governments manage a total road length of 128,147 kilometres, which represents 72 per cent of the Western Australian road network.2 The local road network is where 61 per cent of all serious crashes (those resulting in death or serious injury) occur.3 As designers and operators of this extensive road network, and as influential leaders in local communities, Local Governments are well placed to have a positive impact on road safety outcomes.
The safe system approach is a holistic view of road safety, which has resulted in a major shift from the road users to those who design, build and maintain the transport system. For road authorities, including Local Governments, planning and developing a safe transport system means looking beyond set standards and moving past the traditional role of constructing and maintaining roads; it means using safe system treatments and countermeasures so that when people do make mistakes on the road network the outcome is less likely to result in death or serious injury. Along with the construction and maintenance of roads, Local Governments can influence road safety outcomes across each of the safe system cornerstones through their responsibilities as a road authority, planning authority, employer and fleet operator.
WALGA’s Local Government Safe System Project (LGSSP) evolved from this significant shift in the approach to road safety at a National, State and Local Government level. With funding from the Road Trauma Trust Account, the LGSSP was established in May 2009. The goal of the project is to increase the uptake of safe system principles by Local Governments. The development of the Safe System Guiding Principles for Local Government, facilitated by the LGSSP, was undertaken to provide guidance and assistance to Local Governments as they work towards the safe system approach, which will support the implementation of Towards Zero at a local level.
The Safe System Guiding Principles for Local Government were developed to:
- Provide clarity on the application of the safe system approach.
- Guide the inclusion of safe system principles into policies and practices.
- Encourage consistency between Local Government activities for the implementation of the safe system approach.
- Support and guide Local Government contribution during the implementation of Towards Zero based on best practice.
- Assist the selection of evidence-based road safety strategies to implement on the local road network.