Key Research Findings

1. The frustration of employees’ need for autonomy predicts counterproductive work behaviour. However, the frustration of employees’ needs for competence and relatedness do not predict counterproductive work behaviour.

2. The strength of employees’ needs for autonomy, competence, or relatedness do not modify the associations between the frustration of these needs and counterproductive work behaviour—such that when employees’ need for autonomy is frustrated, employees with a strong need are no more likely to engage in counterproductive work behaviour than employees with a weak need.

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