Every year about 5500 people are killed in workplace accidents in the EU, of which about a third are related to transport (1). These accidents usually involve people: being struck or run over by moving vehicles (e.g. during reversing); falling from vehicles; being struck by objects falling from vehicles; or vehicles overturning. These accidents can be avoided by effective management and prevention measures. The incidence of accidents is higher in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) with fewer than 50 employees. The advice in this factsheet is relevant to vehicle transport in all types and sizes of enterprises.