Taxis are an important component of transport systems the world over. In Europe, with relatively high levels of private car ownership and highly developed public transport, the taxi industry employs more than one million people, representing 8% of jobs in the European transport sector.

The aim of this report is to give an overview of taxi safety issues across Europe. It will look at ways of managing the risk for taxi drivers and their passengers. The report will cover taxi safety issues in Europe, national and municipal licensing rules, and the main road risks taxi drivers are exposed to. With examples from across Europe, it will encourage taxi operators to apply good practice measures for  their drivers and businesses.

By taxi businesses we will refer to licensed cab drivers, unregulated ‘minicabs’, limousine drivers and company chauffeurs – as well as drivers working for internet platforms. Safety checklists addressing security of drivers and passengers have been included in the Annex.