Many people in the Netherlands use media players and/or mobile phones while cycling or walking. Research has shown that the use of devices while walking or cycling involves less safe road user behaviour. Pedestrians and cyclists apparently do not compensate sufficiently for the distraction resulting from the use of devices. With pedestrians, this mainly shows from more hazardous pedestrian crossing behaviour. A survey among cyclists has indicated that the use of devices increases the crash rate by a factor of 1.4. Cyclists and pedestrians could be made aware of the risk-increasing effect of the use of devices by way of public information.