Eco-driving is an effective means to reduce vehicle fuel consumption. Although many researches and devices have been developed to introduce eco-driving, quantitative effects of driver behaviors on fuel consumption are still unclear, as well as quantitative eco-driving advices. To solve this problem and promote the application of eco-driving in China, a driving-events-based eco-driving behavior evaluation model was proposed in this paper. First, based on taxicab operating data, the relationship between three vehicle operating parameters (speed, acceleration, and driving mode duration) and fuel consumption was analyzed. Then, nine fuel-consumption-involved driving events (including Accelerating Sharply, Decelerating Sharply, and Long-Time Accelerating) were proposed and defined. Using the frequency of each driving event in a certain distance as independent variable and vehicle fuel consumption as dependent variable, principal component analysis (PCA) and multiple linear regression were applied to establish driver’s eco-driving behavior evaluation model. The model was proved to be highly accurate (96.72%). At last, based on the evaluation model, corresponding quantitative eco-driving advices were provided to help driver to improve their driving skills.