Annex 1: COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF POLICY OPTIONS FOR THE MANDATORY IMPLEMENTATION OF DIFFERENT SETS OF VEHICLE SAFETY MEASURES – REVIEW OF THE GENERAL SAFETY AND PEDESTRIAN SAFETY REGULATIONS
Annex 1.1 Executive summary
The objective of this in-depth cost-benefit study was to calculate concrete costeffectiveness indicators and numbers of future casualties that could be prevented at a European level for three sets of safety measures proposed by the European Commission and considered for mandatory implementation in new vehicles starting from 2021.
Methodology and scope:
The European Commission has defined three policy options, i.e. sets of safety measures to be implemented on a mandatory basis, for this cost-effectiveness study to assess:
- PO1: State-of-the-art and widely available package of safety solutions that are not yet mandatory in EU; their fitment varies from around 5–90%
- PO2: As PO1 with added safety solutions that focus on vulnerable road user protection and on ensuring driver attention to the driving task
- PO3: As PO2 with safety solutions that are either feasible or already exist in the marketplace, but that have a low fitment rate and market uptake, that maximises overall casualty savings and can boost safety solutions’ innovation
The policy options are each studied for their cost-effectiveness compared to a baseline scenario (PO0), where none of the measures are implemented on a mandatory basis, but voluntary uptake would continue.
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