Overview Of Package

In urban areas, road closures and detours are common, yet can usually be unexpected. Driving a heavy vehicle while following a predetermined schedule in such situations can post challenges for drivers.

Besides affecting schedules, congested streets impact most activities heavy vehicle drivers are required to perform. Delays, and sudden changes and notifications have been found to directly affect driver behaviour and increase crash probability [3].

Pavement condition has been proven to impact the number of crashes. A Canadian study determined after pavement maintenance treatments the number of all types of crashes decreased up to 11% in certain types of roads [2]. Driving on unsealed roads posts additional challenges to truckies with constant changes of surface texture [4].

In Australia, States and local councils can use unique traffic signs to represent road conditions in their area [5]. This may cause confusion to drivers when going through an unfamiliar area.

This package contains:

  • A generic overview of Toolbox Talk Discussion and how it can be applied to work driving safety, including a step by step process to assist team leaders/managers and facilitators to lead a Toolbox Talk discussion.

  • Aid for the promotion of discussion

  • Topic background information and fact sheet x3

  • Discussion prompt sheet

  • Participant attendance record sheet

  • Participant self-assessment sheet

  • Discussion review sheet

  • Road Conditions poster

  • Supporting PowerPoint Slides

  • Road Conditions Video Link (access video here or contact NRSPP to download)

Author Acknowledgement

This Toolbox Talk has been developed in collaboration with Jerome Carslake (NRSPP), Jennifer Rivera-Gonzalez (MUARC), Kyla Fantin (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22), Ruby Athanas (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22),  Tim Roberts (FleetStrategy).

Toolbox Talks Branding, marketing and promotional videos were completed by the Swinburne Design Bureau: Dr Shivani Tyagi (Communication Design Lecturer Swinburne and Director of Design Bureau), Kai Djeng (videos and editing), Emelia Cox (videos and editing), Amanda Wang (videos and editing) Lachlan Tobin (marketing and communications), Lauren Gualano (branding and logo design).

Toolbox Talks Steering Group includes: James Zarb (Viva Energy), Craig Beikoff (BINGO Industries), Jim Sarkis (BINGO Industries), Mark Noble (Holcim), Daniel Brain (Toll Group), Adam Ritzinger (Toll Group), Peter Johansson (Zurich), Steve Power (Heavy Vehicle Industry Australia), Mike Mulligan (Qube).


  1. J. Lee, B. Nam and M. Abdel-Aty, “Effects of Pavement Surface Conditions on Traffic Crash Severity,” Journal of Transportation Engineering, vol. 141, no. 10, 2015.
  2. A. J. Anarkooli, I. Nemtsov and B. Persaud, “Safety effects of maintenance treatments to improve pavement condition on two-lane rural roads — insights for pavement management,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 2020.
  3. M. H. Belzer, “Work-stress factors associated with truck crashes: An exploratory analysis,” The Economic and Labour Relations Review, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 289-307, 2018.
  4. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Quick Fact: Unsealed Roads,” 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/nrsppquick- fact-unsealed-roads/. [Accessed 2022].
  5. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “A Guide To Understanding Australian Road And Traffic Signs By Real Insurance,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/aguide- to-understanding-australian-road-and-trafficsigns- by-real-insurance/. [Accessed 2022].
  6. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “Risk Factors In Work Zone Safety Events: A Naturalistic Driving Study Analysis,” 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/riskfactors- in-work-zone-safety-events-a-naturalisticdriving- study-analysis/. [Accessed 2022].
  7. R. Blackman, A. K. Debnath and N. Haworth, “Understanding vehicle crashes in work zones: Analysis of workplace health and safety data as an alternative to police-reported crash data in Queensland, Australia,” Traffic Injury Prevention, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 222-227, 2020.
  8. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “Rural Road Risk Management #DidYouKnow,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/ resources/rural-road-risk-management-didyouknow/. [Accessed 2022].
  9. Austroads, “Road Design for Heavy Vehicles,” 2015.
  10. C. Dong, S. S. Nambisan, S. H. Richards and Z. Ma, “Assessment of the effects of highway geometric design features on the frequency of truck involved crashes using bivariate regression,” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 75, pp. 30-41, 2015.
  11. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Quick Fact: Driving In Rural And Remote Areas,” 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp. org.au/resources/nrspp-quick-fact-driving-in-ruraland- remote-areas/. [Accessed 2022].
  12. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “Regional Travel Part 1 – Plan Well And Be Safe (UCQ),” 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp. org.au/resources/regional-travel-part-1-plan-well-andbe- safe-ucq/. [Accessed 2022].