Overview Of Package

Recent studies describe fatigue as a tri-dimensional issue with physical, cognitive, and emotional attributes. Due to their work activities and environment, truck drivers are at high risk of developing fatigue, and even chronic fatigue [7]. For instance, sleepiness has been linked to reduced alertness, slow reaction times, and increased road crash risk [1]. Engaging in demanding activities for long and continuous periods of time increases crash risks. Driving for more than 4 hours doubles the risk of a crash [8], and a work shift greater than 12 hours results in a 2–to–4 fold increase in crash risk [9]. It has been found that drivers with 4-5 hours of sleep in the past 24 hours are 4.5 times more likely to crash than those who slept 7 hours or more [10].

This package contains:

  • A generic overview of Toolbox Talk Discussion and how it can be applied to work driving safety, including a step by step process to assist team leaders/managers and facilitators to lead a Toolbox Talk discussion.

    • Aid for the promotion of discussion

    • Topic background information and fact sheet

    • Discussion prompt sheet

    • Participant attendance record sheet

    • Participant self-assessment sheet

    • Discussion review sheet

    • Fatigue risks when driving poster

    • Supporting PowerPoint Slides

    • Fatigue risks when driving video

Author Acknowledgement

This Toolbox Talk has been developed in collaboration with Jerome Carslake (NRSPP), Jennifer Rivera-Gonzalez (MUARC), Kyla Fantin (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22), Ruby Athanas (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22),  Tim Roberts (FleetStrategy).

Toolbox Talks Branding, marketing and promotional videos were completed by the Swinburne Design Bureau: Dr Shivani Tyagi (Communication Design Lecturer Swinburne and Director of Design Bureau), Kai Djeng (videos and editing), Emelia Cox (videos and editing), Lachlan Tobin (marketing and communications), Lauren Gualano (branding and logo design).

Toolbox Talks Steering Group includes: James Zarb (Viva Energy), Craig Beikoff (BINGO Industries), Jim Sarkis (BINGO Industries), Mark Noble (Holcim), Daniel Brain (Toll Group), Adam Ritzinger (Toll Group), Peter Johansson (Zurich), Steve Power (Heavy Vehicle Industry Australia), Mike Mulligan (Qube).

References

1. International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP), “Fatigue Sheet: Managing Driver Sleepiness,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www. nrspp.org.au/resources/fatigue-sheet-managing-driver-sleepiness/.

2. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Quick Fact: The Problem With Driver Fatigue,” 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www. nrspp.org.au/resources/nrspp-quick-fact-the-problem-with-driverfatigue/.

3. WorkSafe Victoria, “Fatigue Prevention In The Workplace,” 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/fatigue-prevention-inthe-workplace/.

4. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “DriverFatigue – #TBT,” 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/driverfatigue-tbt/.

5. National Transport Insurance (NTI), “Major Accident Investigation 2021 Report,” 2021.

6. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “How does sleep deprivation affect my driving?,” 2021.

7. J. M. Wise, K. Heaton and P. Patrician, “Fatigue in Long-Haul Truck Drivers: A Concept Analysis,” Workplace Health & Safety, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 68-77, 2018.

8. M. R. Stevenson, J. Elkington, L. Sharwood, L. Meuleners, R. Ivers, S. Boufous, A. Williamson, N. Haworth, M. Quinlan, R. Grunstein, R. Norton and K. Wong, “The role of sleepiness, sleep disorders, and the work environment on heavy-vehicle crashes in 2 Australian states,” vol. 179, no. 5, pp. 594-601, 2014.

9. F. Valent, S. Di Bartolomeo, R. Marchetti, R. Sbrojavacca and F. Barbone, “A case-crossover study of sleep and work hours and the risk of road traffic accidents,” Sleep, vol. 33, no. 3, 2010.

10. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “The Only Remedy For Fatigue Is Sleep #TBT,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp. org.au/resources/the-only-remedy-for-fatigue-is-sleep-tbt/.

11. K. Mizuno, D. Ojiro, T. Tanaka, S. Minusa, H. Kuriyama, E. Yamano and H. Kuratsune, “Relationship between truck driver fatigue and rear-end collision risk,” PLOS ONE, vol. 15, no. 9, 2020. 12. S. C. Malpas, “The rhythmicity of sympathetic nerve activity,” Progress in Neurobiology, no. 1, pp. 65-96, 1998. 13. G. Heath, J. Dorrian and A. Coates, “Associations between shift type, sleep, mood, and diet in a group of shift working nurses,” Scand J Work Environ Health, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 402-412, 2019.

12. S. C. Malpas, “The rhythmicity of sympathetic nerve activity,” Progress in Neurobiology, no. 1, pp. 65-96, 1998. 13. G. Heath, J. Dorrian and A. Coates, “Associations between shift type, sleep, mood, and diet in a group of shift working nurses,” Scand J Work Environ Health, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 402-412, 2019.

13. G. Heath, J. Dorrian and A. Coates, “Associations between shift type, sleep, mood, and diet in a group of shift working nurses,” Scand J Work Environ Health, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 402-412, 2019.

14. R. V. Souza, R. A. Sarmento, J. C. de Almeida and R. Canuto, “The effect of shift work on eating habits: a systematic review,” Scand J Work Environ Health, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 7-21, 2019.

15. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP) and D. N. Mabott, “Webinar: How Does Sleep Play A Vital Role In The Development Of Type 2 Diabetes,” National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), 2018.

16. International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP), “Fatigue Sheet: Extended Hours,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/ resources/fatigue-sheet-extended-hours/.

17. International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP), “Fatigue Sheet: Performance,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/ resources/fatigue-sheet-performance/.

18. M. E. Howard, M. L. Jackson, D. Berlowitz, F. O’Donoghue, P. Swann, J. Westlake, V. Wilkinsson and R. J. Pierce, “Specific sleepiness symptoms are indicators of performance impairment during sleep deprivation,” Accident Analysis & Prevention, vol. 62, pp. 1-8, 2014.

19. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “With My Eyes Closed… (Driver Sleepiness),” 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www. nrspp.org.au/product/withmyeyesclosed/.

20. International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP), “Breaks,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/fatigue-sheetbreaks/.

21. International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP), “Fatigue Sheet: Napping,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/ fatigue-sheet-napping/.

22. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Fact Sheet: Driver Sleepiness – Why Is Sleep Important?,” 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/nrspp-fact-sheet-driver-sleepinesswhy-is-sleep-important/.

23. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “With My Eyes Closed… – Tips For A Better Sleep,” 2021. [Online]. Available: https:// www.nrspp.org.au/resources/with-my-eyes-closed-tips-for-a-bettersleep/.

24. D. P. Longman, C. N. Shaw, V. Varela-Mato, A. P. Sherry, K. Ruettger, M. Sayyah, A. Guest, Y.-L. Chen, N. J. Paine, J. A. King and S. A. Clemes, “Time in Nature Associated with Decreased Fatigue in UK Truck Drivers,” vol. 18, no. 6, 2021.