Overview Of Package

Most car drivers, pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists have not driven a truck — ever, making it difficult to understand the challenges heavy vehicle drivers have dealing with blind spots, stopping distances, and roll over risk of such large vehicles.

Heavy vehicles influence traffic in several ways. Their large dimensions have been found to impact driving behaviours of light vehicle drivers [1] [2].

In Australia, as in most countries, crashes involving heavy vehicles and pedestrians or cyclists, are of particular concern, especially in urban centres [3] [4].

Choosing to remain calm when facing stressful situations on the road only takes seconds but can save lives [5].

This package contains:

  • A generic overview of Toolbox Talk Discussion and how it can be applied to work driving safety, including a step by step process to assist team leaders/managers and facilitators to lead a Toolbox Talk discussion.

  • Aid for the promotion of discussion

  • Topic background information and fact sheet x3

  • Discussion prompt sheet

  • Participant attendance record sheet

  • Participant self-assessment sheet

  • Discussion review sheet

  • Interactions with Other Road Users poster

  • Supporting PowerPoint Slides

  • Interactions with Other Road Users Video Link (access video here or contact NRSPP to download)

Author Acknowledgement

This Toolbox Talk has been developed in collaboration with Jerome Carslake (NRSPP), Jennifer Rivera-Gonzalez (MUARC), Kyla Fantin (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22), Ruby Athanas (NRSPP Swinburne Intern 2021/22),  Tim Roberts (FleetStrategy).

Toolbox Talks Branding, marketing and promotional videos were completed by the Swinburne Design Bureau: Dr Shivani Tyagi (Communication Design Lecturer Swinburne and Director of Design Bureau), Kai Djeng (videos and editing), Emelia Cox (videos and editing), Amanda Wang (videos and editing) Lachlan Tobin (marketing and communications), Lauren Gualano (branding and logo design).

Toolbox Talks Steering Group includes: James Zarb (Viva Energy), Craig Beikoff (BINGO Industries), Jim Sarkis (BINGO Industries), Mark Noble (Holcim), Daniel Brain (Toll Group), Adam Ritzinger (Toll Group), Peter Johansson (Zurich), Steve Power (Heavy Vehicle Industry Australia), Mike Mulligan (Qube).


  1. S. Peeta, P. Zhang and W. Zhou, “Behavior-based analysis of freeway car–truck interactions and related mitigation strategies,” Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, vol. 39, no. 5, 2005. V. Fabricius, A. Habibovic, D. Rizgary, J. Andersson and P. Wärnestål, “Interactions Between Heavy Trucks and Vulnerable Road Users-A Systematic Review to Inform the Interactive Capabilities of Highly Automated Trucks,” Front Robot AI, vol. 4, no. 9, p. 818019, 2022.
  2. Australian Government – BITRE, “National Crash Dashboard 2020,” [Online]. Available: https://www.bitre.gov.au/dashboards. [Accessed 2022].
  3. R. J. Frampton and J. E. Millington, “Vulnerable Road User Protection from Heavy Goods Vehicles Using Direct and Indirect Vision Aids,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 3317, 2022.
  4. National Road Safety Partnership (NRSPP), “NRSPP Fact Sheet: Aggressive Driving – How To Manage Your Own Anger,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/nrsppfact-sheet-aggressive-driving-how-to-manage-your-own-anger/. [Accessed 2022].
  5. Bureau of Infrastructure and Regional Development Economics (BITRE), “Heavy truck safety: crash analysis and trends,” 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.bitre.gov.au/publications/2016/is_078. [Accessed 2022].
  6. M. Chen, L. Zhou, S. Choo and H. Lee, “Analysis of Risk Factors Affecting Urban Truck Traffic Accident Severity in Korea,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 5, 2022.
  7. K. Kircher, C. Ahlström, J. Ihlström, T. Ljokkoi and J. Culshaw, “Effects of training on truck drivers’ interaction with cyclists in a right turn,” Cognition, Technology & Work, pp. 745-757, 2020.
  8. R. Schindler and G. Bianchi Paccinini, “Truck drivers’ behavior in encounters with vulnerable road users at intersections: Results from a test-track experiment,” Accident Analysis & Prevention, vol. 159, p.106289, 2021.
  9. SAFER, “RON SCHINDLER’S DOCTORAL THESIS DEFENCE: A HOLISTIC SAFETY BENEFIT ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK FOR HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES,” 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.saferresearch. com/events/ron-schindlers-doctoral-thesis-defence-holistic-safetybenefit-assessment-framework-heavy. [Accessed 2022].
  10. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Quick Fact: Do Not Overtake A Turning Vehicle,” 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/nrspp-quick-fact-do-notovertake-a-turning-vehicle/#resource-downloads. [Accessed 2022].
  11. V. Ekroll, M. Svalebjørg, A. Pirrone, G. Böhm, S. Jentschke, R. van Lier, J. Wagemans and A. Høye, “The illusion of absence: how a common feature of magic shows can explain a class of road accidents,” Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, vol. 6, 2021.
  12. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “Webinar: The Secret Road Safety Ingredient That Flies Under The Radar,” 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/webinar-thesecret-road-safety-ingredient-that-flies-under-the-radar/. [Accessed 2022].
  13. National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP), “NRSPP Tool Box Talks – Journey Planning And Management,” 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrspp.org.au/resources/nrspp-tool-box-talks-journeyplanning-and-management/. [Accessed 2022].